Religious Movements

Camp Meeting
"The frontier of the new nation—extending from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River—was a region of intense religious activity by both Euro-Americans and Native Americans. Among Euro-American settlers of the region, the most important aspect of religious activity was the democratization of religion. Among Native Americans, on the other hand, it was resistance to Christianity and to its associated cultural elements.

The democratization of American religion had begun during the first Great Awakening (c. 1740–1760) and the American Revolution (1775–1783), but it accelerated dramatically during the Second Great Awakening (c. 1790–1830). The process was marked by the absence of established churches, an emphasis on the vernacular in the forms and language of worship, and a refusal to see clergy as a divinely ordained class apart from the laity."

Thorp, Daniel. "Frontier Religion." Encyclopedia of the New American Nation. Ed. Paul Finkelman. Vol. 2. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006. 87-89. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 1 Feb. 2011.

Progressive Movement - This website is a great overview of the time when most reform movements took place. It will help you understand the context of the movements and also give you some insight into their success or failure. A great place to get some ideas for icons to use. (Note the orange tabs at the top which have links to useful information.)

Related terms to guide your search:

  • George Whitefield
  • Spiritual renewal
  • Evangelicalism
  • Pietism
  • “New Birth”

Excellent source available from Mr. McVay:
Encyclopedia Americana, Vol. 13 (1984)

Other sources to try: