Education Reform Movement

"The public school system is a school.jpgpart of the American landscape, an institution that many people take for granted. It's difficult to imagine a time in history when education was a privilege, not a right, a time when only the children of the wealthy received an education. But in the United States as recently as the mid-1800s, the idea of free, publicly funded education for all children was considered extremely radical. Due to the efforts of nineteenth-century reformers such as Horace Mann (1796–1859), the public school system became a reality. Although the American public school system is far from perfect, and undergoes nearly continuous reform, it remains one of the great democratic institutions of the nation. It holds the promise of equal educational opportunity for all children."

"The Education Reform Movement." American Social Reform Movements Reference Library. Ed. Carol Brennan, et al. Vol. 1: Almanac. Detroit: UXL, 2007. 117-150. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 1 Feb. 2011.

Progressive Movement - This website is a great overview of the time when most reform movements took place. It will help you understand the context of the movements and also give you some insight into their success or failure. A great place to get some ideas for icons to use. (Note the orange tabs at the top which have links to useful information.)

Key terms to guide your search:
  • Compulsory Education Laws
  • Public education
  • Horace Mann
  • Social Darwinism
  • Education Philosophy/ social philosophy
  • Piaget

Other sources to try:

The Education Reform Movement